CARTOGRAPHIC USERS ADVISORY
COUNCIL (CUAC) 2008 MEETING MINUTES
Thursday, May 7,
annual meeting of the Cartographic Users Advisory Council took place on the
campus of the United States Geological Survey headquarters in Reston, Virginia.
Rae Mueller of the Earth Science Information Center and Hedy Rossmeissl had
graciously provided local arrangements. Between and in the morning, the Council was taken on a tour
of the Survey's headquarters and of the USGS Printing Plant by William A.
Radlinski, a retired associate director of the U.S. Geological Survey.
lunch, CUAC members were given a demonstration of the U.S. Geological
Survey’s prototype National Atlas of the United States web site. Mr. Jay
Donnelley of the Survey began the demonstration by examining the hard copy
1970 National Atlas. Approximately 16,000 copies of the atlas were
produced. Of these, 60% were distributed to libraries; 26% to governments;
14% to the public. At $100.00 in 1970 dollars, the percentage sold to the
general public was quite high. The atlas was a product of the 1960s and
included only 1 plate on crime and no maps on the national health--topics
of considerable interest today.
focus groups, e-mail solicitations, and polls, the USGS has found that the
citizens, businesses, and government want a National Atlas to provide a
wider variety of information than presented in the atlas of 1970. First and
foremost, they want graphic information illustrating quality of life issues
such as health, crime, and the environment. They want to compare one region
of the country to another to understand "How am I doing?" on such
topics as distribution of federal tax dollars to the states or the quality
of public schools. Also, there are "Geography for Life" standards
issued by the National Council for Geographic Education that the USGS hopes
to support through the new National Atlas program.
plans to incorporate these desires and interests into the new National
Atlas. The Survey will also take advantage of the great advances made in
electronic access, information management, and delivery technologies that
did not exist in 1970 in the new atlas’ maps. As an example of how
the Survey has used new multi-media technology in information delivery,
Donnelly presented a map of the United States showing the
monthly change in vegetation which resembled a film strip of 12 scenes
automatically moving from one month/season to another.
present time, the Survey is working to make the National Atlas available on
the web. The Atlas probably will not appear as a bound atlas and a CD-ROM
version has not been entirely ruled out.
National Atlas as demonstrated is not merely a collection of maps. The
Atlas has a high degree of interactivity that allows users to select and
view various data layers and to build queries around place names and
thematic data. Links to data and other data sites abound.
1960s the USGS cooperated with several governmental agencies to bring a
variety of thematic data to the 1970 edition of the National Alas. This
tradition will be continued in the new National Atlas, but with even more
cooperating agencies, such as the U.S. Dept. of Justice and the Centers for
Disease Control in Atlanta.
Mr. Donnelly also talked about the possibility soliciting data from the
governments of Canada
in order to produce authoritative North American maps. Beyond the
government, the Survey hopes to bring in private partners to help develop
appropriate software to view the atlas and the marketing expertise in order
to distribute the atlas as widely as possible--software development and marketing,
two arenas where the federal government has lagged behind the private
sector. What the Survey and other federal agencies want to concentrate on
is their strength: accuracy and authoritative data.
first offering of National Atlas maps on the World Wide Web should be
available by June 1. In order to properly read and build maps, you will
need Netscape 4 or Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 with frames enabled. The
site’s address is: http://www.usgs.gov/atlas.
federal web site of note to map librarians that Jay Donnelly demonstrated
is the "Recreation.gov" site: http://www.recreation.gov/. On the web
site, one can build an inquiry by choosing a state, activities (hiking,
winter sports, hunting, etc.) and, if necessary, selecting a federal
agency. A visitor to the site can also select the recreation area itself (Crater Lake national Park, HelenaNational Forest,
etc.) and find what recreation possibilities exist in that unit.
Recreation.gov is linked to the National Atlas.
Atlas maps can be downloaded in the form of a "shape file" which
can supported by a variety of GIS systems. Map professionals are encouraged
to visit both the National Atlas site and the Recreation.gov site and to
send comments through the web page.
began the USGS presentation with information on the DRGs and the DOQs. For the
Digital Raster Graphics (DRGs), the scanned map data is complete for the
entire country. Two areas will not be offered by the USGS- California will
be handled by Tiel Data Center which is semi-state government and the
Tennessee Valley Authority will make additional changes to the data for
their region. The first generation DRG CD project will be abandoned because
of software problems. The DRGs are available now on CD for $32.00 per 1
degree by 1 degree block and are accessible through the Global Land Information
System (GLIS). USGS and GPO will work on a mechanism to get the data out to
depository libraries. USGS is not planning to send data to state ESICs. Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and a
few other states have posted their state's DRGs to the Web.
Digital Orthophoto Quadrangles are about a quarter to a third done for the U.S. Only
limited areas are being completed in countyCD
format (North Carolina,
and parts of Pennsylvania
USGS is looking at other formats and is committed to getting copy to GPO.
All of U.S.
will be done by 2001 or 2002. Data for areas that are complete are
available from the EROSDataCenter
by the quarter quad for a base price plus $7.00 per file. These are large
files: 55-60 Mb, uncompressed. The data is also available in compressed
form, however, full resolution is needed for some applications.
joined in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with
Microsoft to provide compressed DOQs on the Web in late June. Microsoft's
TerraServer site (http://www.terraserver.com), will allow users to
"find you house on the Internet". Users can download a piece of
data in GIF format.
collaborating with the Library of Congress to get historic topographic maps
into their scanning project. There are over 300,000 USGS maps in the LC
will be producing fewer folded maps in series. For folded geologic maps
authorized after August 1996 in the "I" series (Miscellaneous
Geologic Investigations) will be named Geologic Investigations Series. Any
project approved before this date will have the old series name, so maps in
the "I" series will have mixed series names for a few years. Most
thematic maps will now be issued as "I" maps. As an aside, books
will be mostly Professional Papers and fact sheets with fewer of other
series. WRIs will continue to be issued.
update information on the 7.5 topographic maps, Hedy mentioned that the
USGS will create new topographic maps digitally and keep digital flies, but
continue to distribute in paper format. Revision is done by a raster
process that allows USGS to revise more products. USGS hopes to step up
revisions to 1,000+ by 1999. Cooperation with state agencies will drive
revision program. High demand quadrangles will also be revised. USGS and
Forest Service will cooperate to make revisions in Forest Service areas.
There will be no jump into producing maps on demand at the present time.
on map distribution. The brown catalogs will be phased out. Map lists will
have longitude and latitude, plus order numbers, added. An independent
printer produces those maps, which are distributed through GPO, and those
printed by USGS are distributed via Denver.
USGS will be working with GPO to put shipping lists on the Web. When
claiming, claim USGS produced maps from USGS and GPO produced maps from
inventory will have each title barcoded. Reprint maps will have no date
change, but will have barcode added. If maps undergo the photoinspection
process and have minor corrections, there will be a date change.
considering scanning historical aerial photography as a project in the near
Government Printing Office (GPO)
Haun-Mohamed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Library Program Service, was
the first speaker at the Friday, May 8th meeting.
began with an explanation of AskLPS on GPO Access, which pulls together
several areas at GPO. It includes the inquiry form, Web Tech Notes, FAQs
and News, FDLP contacts page, and the LPS Directory. There is passworded
version and a non-passworded version. The non-passworded part will ask for
an email address. It is primarily designed for use by the public, but
professionals may use it also. The passworded part will default to our
depository number and institution name, so that we will not have to fill in
that information. Inquires on AskLPS@GPO.gov will be given
priority over paper forms. Responses to questions should come within 10 business
days to our inquiry. An immediate message will automatically be sent to
acknowledge that an inquiry has been received. Web Tech Notes includes
"whatever happened to…" updated weekly. FAQs and News
consists of more news than FAQs. In the past this type information would
have been put on GOVDOC-L, but now this information will be put on News.
The FDLP Directory is the official GPO Library Program Service Directory.
Robin recommends that we check Tech Notes and FAQs weekly before sending in
an AskLPS inquiry to see if our question may have already been answered.
shipping list files are now electronic and timely. They are currently in
WP6.0 format. They will eventually be in Word, which is in DBF format.
has been a Memorandum of Understanding signed with NIMA to bring material
back into GPO for distribution. GPOs DDIS (Depository Distribution
Information System) was not being matched at NIMA, so depository selections
were not being kept up to date. This means that NIMA will send maps and
other material to GPO for distribution with other depository material. This
will go into effect later this month.
update on the electronic transition, Robin reported that GPO is now ahead
of the pack, or even with some agencies. On the administrative side a lot
has been done to make the transition to a more electronic program. The
shipping lists are now on the web. Item selections are now being made by
selective depositories online. New passwords will be used for the next
update and these passwords will not be given to any outside agencies. The
item lister has been available for about a year. It is updated monthly. The
Union List of items selected is updated on the Federal Bulletin Board
has been considerable activity in establishing partnerships. There are
service and product partnerships. One service partnership is the Documents
Data Miner (DDM). This service allows the users to create custom inquiries
with a variety of GPO databases. For instance, list of holding libraries in
a given state or region could be created for a particular GPO item number.
The DDM is in partnership with WichitaStateUniversity.
Examples of a product partnership can be found in the variety of Department
of State documents mounted at the University of Illinois,
Chicago Library and in the Department of Energy's Infobridge.
meeting following the Federal Depository Conference with Donna Koepp, Brent
Allison, Hedy Rossmeissl, Rea Muller, and Barbara Poore, Robin has talked
again with Hedy and Rea about a consortium to provide access to the DOQs.
She expressed the importance of working on this to GPO. Permanent, long
term access is a big concern to GPO. There are two states that are almost
finished loading the DOQs on the Internet: Minnesota and North Carolina. Kentucky and Pennsylvania are working on it but are
not sure they are going to continue in this format. There is a probable
need for compression software, but not relying on propriety software,
because GPO would have to pay the licensing fee for that software.
Infobridge, a product partnership that will make Department of Energy
reports available on the Internet will soon be in place. GPO picked up the
cost of building of the bridge, which is the actual distribution mechanism.
Any agreement of this kind will have to go through the Congressional Joint
Committee on Printing or the Oversite Committee for approval.
reported that the Digital map of the World (V Map level 0) from NIMA will
be in the depository library program. Robin sent a request to Jim Lusby
again recently for a status report on this product. The Department of
Housing and Urban Development’s 2020 CD-ROM will be in the program
also, but LPS has not received this yet.
distributed new Recommended Specifications for Public Access Work Stations
in Federal Depository Libraries for 1998. There is a May 15 deadline for
getting our comments back. This is also on the Web.
moved to print-on-demand distribution only. In the past, 200-300 charts a
year were distributed. They are going to update more often and this will
result in about 6000 charts a year. Do we really want to receive that many
paper charts? NOAA is doing this under a CRADA. GPO wants to build into the
CRADA the ability for depositories to contact NOAA for charts on demand, so
that we don’t have to have 6000 charts a year. We could request on
demand as often as we would need. We have until October to give GPO
feedback on this issue. Robin asked us to consider what is best for our
institution and what is best for the depository program.
this service are updated weekly. There are 19 pages now, and it is much
faster than it used to be. There are about 3000+ titles. Agencies
don’t always let GPO know when things change. Internet resources are
being worked on by two fulltime people. There are more fugitives in
electronic resources than in paper. Part of the problem is changing URLs or
things that disappear or appear without the approval process.
If we have
an electronic product, can we get rid of physical product? This issue is
going to general counsel. If we are getting something in physical format,
it will continue in physical format for the moment, even if the information
is available on the Internet. This is according to the recommendation of
the Depository Library Council.
Serial Set will continue coming in paper through the 104th
Congress. After that, except for Regional depository libraries, it will
come in fiche. Regionals, posterity libraries, etc. will still get the
Serial Set in paper. It will continue in fiche for others. Fiche still
costs the same as it did 20 years ago.
then fielded questions from the Council. Richard Spohn asked why more
delicate paper being used for CIA maps? Robin was not aware of this, but
will check on it. There are paper specs that should be adhered to.
Seldin brought up the subject of NOAA maps and their program of
electrostatic copies of nautical charts on demand. Aeronautical charts are
not being considered for on-demand printing at this time. Libraries could
set up a standing order with NOAA, perhaps under GPO auspices but
administered by NOAA. Robin expressed her concern about how GPO would
catalog the charts. Another concern was about turn around time for
on-demand NOAA nautical charts. Fred Anderson might have more information
on this later this afternoon. NOAA wants to do the right thing by
depository libraries and is putting a lot of effort into planning at this
Energy Regulatory Commission is trying to establish a subscription service
for their reports.
Bureau of the Census
Bureau products are "changing dramatically" according to Timothy
Trainor, Chief, Cartographic Operations Branch. He discussed development and
dissemination of current and future products of the Bureau.
among these programs now underway is Census 2000. Some initial changes in
Census geography have been instituted including doing away with the BNA
(Block Numbering Areas) in favor of Census Tracts. Census Designated Places
(CDP) will have no minimum population threshold and census blocks will have
4 digit codes with an estimate of 8-10 million blocks in 2000. One of the
principal means of dissemination for both the decennial and 1997 economic
censuses is DADS, the Data Access and Dissemination System, an electronic
system, based on internet technologies to deliver the information to the
public. DADS was first developed as a prototype in 1996 using a small
dataset to test its architecture. Since then it has been updated
substantially through suggestions from focus and user groups. DADS 1997 was
the first to deal with geospatial data and included a geographic browser.
Further advancements are proceeding and datasets will not be incorporated into
DADS unless accompanied by metadata. It will be the main data delivery
vehicle for Census 2000 data to the public.
envisions a three tiered system. Tier one presenting basic summary data
will be free. Tier two will consist of predefined data tables and will
probably be fee based. Tier three will involve massive amounts of
processing and cover the smallest level of data on a national level and
will also probably be fee based. DADS will be the access mechanism for the
1997 Economic Survey and there will not be many printed reports.
American Community Survey (ACS) has been designed to replace the
information collected on the long form that should have its last appearance
in 2000. The ACS is not a headcount and is not intended to replace the
decennial census. When fully implemented in 2003, data collection for the
entire country will be collected on an annual basis and compiled into
annual and multiyear products. A prototype CD was completed in April
including a mapping component.
products including Tiger/Line will be available on both CD and DADS. Maps
for block counties and government units will be available in MIM and PDF
file formats and use color. Census maps will be accessed through CD Roms,
and hard copies will be available on demand from various sources. Work is
currently underway on an electronic 105th Congressional District
Atlas. It will be available on CD-Rom and will print on both color and
black & white printers.
Bureau is currently working on making available on their web page, examples
of the map products, however, the examples will not reflect everything that
is produced or available. The Map Gallery site is accessible off of the
Tiger Line page.
Geograhic Data Committee (FGDC)
National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) is working to make the sharing
of data easier through the establishment of clearinghouse nodes and the
organization of metadata.
Use of a
clearinghouse helps advertise the quality of your datasets and can address
issues of quality in the metadata. The reasons for not using Web indexes
are that they are limited. They are not able to target specific searches,
have limited support for concept searches and search engines don’t
support fielded searching (e.g. date, coordinate, other numeric). And
finally, many databases used are not accessible through the web and a
clearinghouse would help make them accessible. Establishment of nodes makes
data available locally and the assumption is that most requests for
geographical data are of your local area. A clearinghouse node uses a
Z39.50 protocol server.
federal agencies are required to document their data based on metadata
standards. Implementation has been spotty with a better response from state
and local agencies. There are 75 servers on the clearinghouse and the
number is growing every day. Metadata forms the basic vocabulary for
searching within the clearinghouse. It is possible to perform a fielded
search. Metadata performs different roles including those of inventory, a
catalog for search and retrieval with a format similar to MARC, and
metadata standard contains 300 data elements of which many are compound and
others have their own value. One problem is that many believe it to be too
complicated. As a result, there is a struggle with the user community who,
on one hand believes it to be too complicated and on the other hand are
saying "but we need this".
standards have been taken up by the ISO (International Standards Organization)
and there is committee draft in review now. It is expected that the FGDC
standard will be adopted by the end of the year by ISO and will have even
more widespread use than now.
it be machine readable, it is necessary to standardize fields. SGML
(standardized general markup language) is being used to enforce structure
and help in presentation, while XML (eXtensible Markup Language) offers
more flexibility in terms of programming and provides control over fields
Poore indicated that they would like to see a more active role by the
Library community, especially Map Librarians on metadata issues. Reasons
include our knowledge of cataloging; we know what our users want; and our
focus on service. In addition, they would like to see some of the
depository libraries become regional clearinghouse nodes with
responsibilities of collecting information about local datasets and serving
them to a more national audience or pointing users to national data.
Gateways possibly could be located at GPO or USGS that would allow users to
access the datasets we are holding. The benefit to federal agencies is that
national agencies would have access to local datasets but would not have
the cost of storing nationally.
to continue to promote interest and participation in the regional approach
to managing large collections of geospatial data, the FGDC continues it
partnership-funding program. Awards have been given for four years and
consist of three programs: the Cooperative Agreements Program, the
Framework Demonstration Projects Program and the NSDI Benefits Program. The
Cooperative Agreements Program supports development of clearinghouse nodes.
Grants in the range of $40,000 fund projects "to create clearinghouses
of geographic data linked to the Internet, to advance the NSDI through
education, to develop, NSDI standards, and to help organize and strengthen
state-wide or regional programs for geographic data sharing". Programs
are directed at different audiences with the primary goals of having this
metadata collected and distributed effectively and efficiently to users.
of current NSDI Clearinghouse Projects with libraries or universities can
be found on FGDC webpage at the address: www.fgdc.gov/Cooperative_Partnerships/
includes the state, year of grant, organization involved and project
contact. The Cooperative Agreements Program awards require some matching
funding from the recipient.
Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)
demonstration of Microsoft’s Terra Server, CUAC reassembled in the
conference room to hear James Lusby’s report about the National
Imagery and Mapping Agency.
mission is to provide timely, relevant, and accurate imagery, imagery
intelligence, and geospatial information in support of national security
objectives. The core NIMA business is to perform imagery analysis and
geospatial information production, to manage and task the collection
operations, and to ensure dissemination of primary and secondary imagery, imagery
products and geospatial information. Organizationally NIMA resides between
and is comprised of elements, of both the Defense Department and the
Central Intelligence Agency. There are thirteen different teams within NIMA
and Mr. Lusby is part of the National and Civil Agencies Team.
Lusby is working with Robin Haun-Mohamed at G.P.O. to improve distribution
of NIMA map products. In May of 1998 the distribution center for nautical
and aeronautical products in Philadelphia
will close and the Defense Logistics Agency in Richmond, Virginia
will become responsible for distribution. In the future it is likely that
depository libraries will be re-surveyed for NIMA products and GPO will
oversee the maintenance of library selection records and distribution to
depositories. The Defense Logistics Agency will supply GPO with the needed
numbers of products.
a trend within NIMA to put more products into the depository program,
including 1: 250,000 scale maps of various places around the world. The
U.S. Geological Survey now offers for public sale, topographic maps of Vietnam.
Current thinking is that the 1:250,000 mapping could also be sold by
U.S.G.S., provided indexes/catalog entries are available too.
many other federal agencies are moving away from paper to electronic
formats. As such, a decision has been made by the Board in Geographic Names
and NIMA to discontinue printing the foreign gazetteers in paper.
Microfiche will also be discontinued. Instead, names will be available
through CD-ROM and the Internet.
answer to a question, Mr. Lusby said that even though 1:250,000-scale
mapping will soon be available, the restrictions that applied to earlier
quarter million scale series 1501 "JOGs" still hold, namely, the
copying and circulation prohibition.
Park Service (NPS)
Haack, from the Division of Publications at the Harpers FerryCenter
represented the NPS. The National Park Service has two service centers to
assist the 375 parks across the country. The first is the Division of
Publications at Harpers Ferry,
WV and it produces visitor
maps and maps current park information, roads, trails and other features.
The NPSTechnicalInformationCenter in Denver
(http://www.nps.gov/dsc/tic/) is responsible for planning, buildings,
landscapes, and GIS activities.
makes maps of all NPS parks and sites that include a visitor guide on the
reverse side. The NPS Cartographic Resources URL is: www.nps.gov/carto
The Harpers Ferry facility provides interpretative Media,
information about the individual Parks, creates exhibits for the parks,
outdoor exhibits, park films, and provides preservation of objects. Their
facilities include a conservation laboratory. Preservation of historical
objects includes things like George Washington’s uniform, historic
paintings, equipment, and flags. The goal of historic preservation is to
stabilize and preserve for proper interpretation. The web page contains
additional information on their activities.
earlier times, there was not consistency in format, size, or content of the
NPS site folders. A New York
graphics designer and folks at the Harpers Ferry
facility designed and developed Unigrid, to standardize
graphics and production components. As a result maps have gone to a very
high graphic look, and have come a great distance from the days of scribing
and peel coats.
done in a graphic program using Adobe Illustrator 6.0, resulting in colors
and screens of a higher quality. They have experienced problems using Adobe
Illustrator 7.0, so they plan to continue using 6.0. In the old days, their
products were based on original maps, but now the NPS simply downloads DLG
files and cleans up line work. They are able to portray shaded relief nicely
using Adobe Illustrator.
percent of the NPS visitor maps are digitized or are in process of being
digitized and available through the website and are available to download
in the original adobe format or pdf format. The remaining fifteen percent
have not been scheduled for different reasons, including the case of the
Channel Islands, a question of how best to portray them given how spread
out they are and the diversity of island sizes. Converting to the digital
format and posting on the website is happening at a rapid rate.
Park System Map and Guide has been revised and the new version is
available. The publication Index to the National Parks reflects NPS
holdings based at the time of a particular Congress in session. Therefore,
the index does not reflect changes that have taken place under a different
Congress. Maps that are produced jointly by the USGS and NPS are determined
by the NPS Washington Scientific Office, not the Harpers Ferry Unit.
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NationalOcean
Anderson of the National Ocean Survey’s Office of Aeronautical
Charting and Cartography (AC&C) discussed the move of AC&C to the
Department of Transportation’s Transportation Administrative and
Service Center (TASC), the NOS Nautical Chart print on demand CRADA
(Cooperative Research and Development Agreement), and AC&C’s
direct distribution to depository libraries.
move to DOT
National Ocean Survey wants to concentrate on coastal issues. Aeronautical
Charting does not fit this focus. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
asked the Inspector Generals of the Departments of Commerce (of which NOAA
is part), and Transportation to see where AC&C should go. The Inspector
Generals recommended that AC&C should go to the FAA. It was decided
that the FAA was not a good fit either because the FAA is a regulatory
agency and AC&C is a service agency. TASC was a better location. The
legislation is at OMB and will go to Congress at the end of the fiscal year.
The move will take place on October
1, 1998 if Congress approves.
of the main advantages of TASC is that AC&C will retain the revenues
from sales that now must be returned to the U.S. Treasury. This additional
funding will allow the development of new products. Through agreement,
AC&C will continue to print and distribute nautical charts through FY
1999. AC&C will implement its modernization plan that will allow for a
fully digital production process from chart compilation to the generation
of negatives for printing. By 2002, the four locations of AC&C will be
co-located along Metro’s Green Line in College Park of Greenbelt.
This new building will require 90,000 square feet of office space and
110,000 square feet of industrial space. This new building will include a
government owned, contractor operated warehousing and distribution
operation. TASC encourages expansion of business practices. This will allow
AC&C to expand its customer base and product lines. AC&C will take
over NIMA public sales. They envision a "NationalNavigationInformationCenter",
where they would provide distribution of various government publications on
navigation. NOS will continue to compile the nautical charts and AC&C
will be a contractor to print and distribute the charts.
AC&C will no longer be part of NOAA, they want to get out of the
printing business. The plan is to give the raster files to a private third
party who will reproduce them on a high-speed raster plotter. An overnight
shipper will then send the charts to sales agents around the world. The
prices will increase and the sales agents’ discounts may decrease.
Through FY 1999 AC&C and the CRADA partner will compete in nautical
chart sales. The partner will do a market survey during this year. Large
vessels are required to have the latest charts. Recreational boaters and
other small craft are not required to have the latest charts. This market
survey will see what the demand for nautical charts is and a pricing
structure. At the end of 1999, there will be an evaluation to determine
where they are in the process. Richard Wilcox of NOAA is the project leader
of the CRADA team. A team member, Barbara Grey, is working with Robin Hahn
Mohamed of GPO to see if a plan to keep the nautical charts in the
Depository Program. It is not certain that nautical charts produced by the
CRADA partner are government publications. NOAA will continue to be legally
responsible for the data in case of accident.
wants to initiate direct distribution to Depository Libraries. For
several years, NOS has wanted to take over the distribution to
Depository Libraries. This will allow receipt before the charts
effective date. AC&C is also willing to distribute NIMA charts
since they are already responsible for public sales.
chart catalogs will not come out until December 1998 because AC&C
cannot put the Department of Transportation logo on anything until Congress
approves. A new product is a Nautical Chart User’s Guide, which will
be in this summer’s GPO survey. Coast Pilots will be upgraded with
color graphics. Paper aeronautical charts will continue for the foreseeable
future. NIMA has stated that it will need paper charts through the year
of Congress, Geography and Map Division (LC G&M)
& M Division acquired about 100,000 items last year, of which about
87,000 have been added to the collections. Many duplicates will need to be
given away through the Summer Program, although there are only two participants
this year. Last year’s acquisitions included many topographic maps
from captured documents, especially 1930’s era topographic maps of
primarily Eastern Europe and Asia. The Division has acquired many 1:200,000 Soviet
topos covering Asia, Africa,
and Soviet satellites, and has ordered 1:100,000 coverage of China.
These are used heavily in the reading room, and ironically aren’t
restricted like many of the large-scale AMS/DMA series.
division also received a donation of drawings of mid-nineteenth century
Pacific Railroad Surveys done by Gustavus Sohan from a descendant of Mr.
project underway is to remove maps from copies of the American State Papers
and the Serial Set, with plans to scan then in the future. The Geography
& Map Division has already removed some 17,000 sheets from the Serial
Set and placed them in flat files.
Associations have been contacted as part of a solicitation program to
acquire donations of World War II maps held by ex-military personnel. The
Geography and Map Division as a collection of about 4500 CD ROM’s and
is working to increase it.
area of processing and cataloging, the Cataloging Unit is now fully staffed
with 15 catalogers. Digital cartographic data is now being cataloged using
USMARC. NIMA is converting its cataloging to MARC, and LC is working with
them to help in sharing cataloging duties. Betsy Mangan is revising the
Cartographic Materials Manual used for interpretation of the Anglo-American
Cataloging Rules II (AACR2). The main changes are in the area of digital
cartographic data. The AACR2 Committee will be meeting at LC in September.
Division is using "adequate level" cataloging to process the
backlog in the "single-sheet" or "title" collection,
focusing currently on U.S.
maps. The Heezen-Tharp collection of about 10,000 maps relating to plate
tectonics is being processed with contract help. Maps removed from books
and journals during the brittle book program are being transferred to the
Division, about 6,000 maps so far. Many of these are late nineteenth and
early twentieth century thematic (e.g. geologic) maps. They are relatively
unique items, not normally found in Map Collections.
services were fully staffed again. There may have been a slight decline in
walk-in use, but email questions have increased. GIS facilities, created
within the last few years reside in the Reading Room. The facilities were
funded by corporate donations and provide access to Freehand, Magellan, and
Arc View. A reference technician has the duty to create maps for Congress
and the Congressional Research Services (CRS). Contractors are assisting in
setting up Arc View.
National Digital Library Program has the goal of making five million items
available on the Internet. It went online last June 9 with 26 maps and
during the first week received 70,000 hits. The site has averaged 30,000
hits a month since. This compares with 2,000 readers per year and 10,000
phone and written requests for information. There are nearly 1000 Panoramic
Maps on the site. Five fulltime staff are focusing on scanning map projects
relating to Americana
and genealogy. Scanned maps are saved in three basic formats: huge TIFF
files for archival purposes; much smaller GIF files for display on the
screen; and compressed files utilizing MrSID, (Multi-resolution Seamless
Image Database). MrSID reduces the large TIFF files down to about 5-7 Mb.
This June, Lizard Tech will be giving away the MrSID viewer allowing users
to download compressed images to their computer and view them, recreate the
original TIFF files, or print them. (The Panoramic Maps are part of the
American Memory Project is targeting K-12 and future G&M scanning
projects will include the City Ward Maps, National Park Service Maps and
County Land Ownership Maps.
CRADA (Cooperative Research and Development Agreement) with the E.D.R.
Sanborn Company will allow them to scan the several hundred thousand sheets
of Sanborn Fire Insurance maps in the Division’s collections, along
with the 250,000 in the company’s collections, and put these on the
Internet over the next 10 years. Users will be able to print a screen view
or order a full copy from Sanborn. LC will archive the database after
scanning is completed. The first images will go online this summer. They
have scanned about 1,900 so far.
support groups actively helping the Division are the Philip Lee Philips
Society, now publishing a newsletter and an Occasional Paper series, and
the Center for Geographic Information, whose corporate members provide
hardware, software, and technical assistance support to the Division. This
technical support has included a workflow analysis that will allow the
increase in scanning from 7 to 24 maps per day.