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Thursday, May 12, 2005



The Future of the Paper Map: The USGS Perspective, Dr. Stanley Ponce, Senior Advisor for Partnerships and External Coordination, National Geospatial Programs Office.


Abstract: This presentation will provide a brief overview of the history of the development and production of the traditional USGS topographic map. Over the last several years, the USGS Topographic Mapping Programs have moved from a role of data producer to one of data provider utilizing state of the art information technology and web-based services. Most recently, the Director of the USGS established the National Geospatial Programs Office (NGPO) to provide leadership in developing a unified approach to advancing the National Geospatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI). In collaboration with the geospatial community at large, including federal, state, tribal, local, and private sector interests, the NGPO has been working to transform processes necessary to implement key components of the NSDI, including a revitalized suite of applications, products, and services. The strategic directions of this new and innovative office will be discussed with emphasis on its impact on mapping products of the future.


Stan Ponce serves as a Senior Advisor for Partnerships and External Coordination with the U.S. Geological Survey. Much of his work currently supports the newly established National Geospatial Program Office (NGPO). In this capacity, he provides leadership and develops policy and guidance for partnership activities within the NGPO, and oversees the activities of partnership liaisons at the field, regional and headquarters levels. Before joining USGS he worked for other agencies in the Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation and National Park Service and as an Assistant Professor of Earth Resources at Colorado State University.


A Commercial View on the Future of Paper Maps, Russell Guy, Vice-President, Omni Resources.


Abstract: Over the past dozen years three significant events have greatly affected the independent map retailer. The advent of the super bookstores in the early 1990’s; the explosion of the internet and online retailers such as Amazon.com; and 9/11 and the precipitous drop of overseas travel forced map stores to rapidly adapt or to go out of business. The advent of digital mapping and various digital products is forcing the remaining independent map stores to re-evaluate their business plan, from their product mix to store location and their sales methods. Each store must answer the question – “is there a future for paper maps and if so, how will they be delivered to the customer?”


Russell Guy was born and raised in the San Francisco Bay area. He attended UC Santa Barbara, where he received a BS in Geology, and Virginia Tech, where he received an MS in Geology. He served as Curator of the Geology Museum at Virginia Tech for three years. Since 1982, he has been working for Omni Resources (formerly Geoscience Resources, a geoscience consulting and supply company). Omni Resources started selling maps in 1988. This has become their sole business. Russell has visited approximately 45 countries on map-buying trips. He served as President of the International Map Trade Association in 1996 and is currently Vice-President and co-owner of Omni Resources.


Role of the Paper Map in Libraries, David C. McQuillan, Map Librarian, Thomas Cooper Library, University of South Carolina.


Abstract: This presentation on the Role of the Paper Map in Libraries will report on the findings of the IFLA Workshop on Paper Maps, held at the Library of Congress on May 11, 2005. It will include the latest information on the current state of paper map collections in libraries and institutions of various sizes. Factors such as user needs, space requirements, staffing, equipment, processing, preservation, and new acquisitions will be discussed. Feedback will be sought for a forthcoming IFLA publication on standards for paper maps in libraries.


David McQuillan is Map Librarian in the Thomas Cooper Library at the University of South Carolina in Columbia, SC, a position that he has held since 1975. Prior to that, he served as Map Curator in the Department of Geography at the University of South Carolina for two years. He also worked in that collection for four years as a Graduate Assistant and as a Student Assistant in the Geography Department Map Collection at the University of Southern Mississippi. He is currently the Chair and Treasurer of the Geography and Maps Section of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).










Can Librarians make a Difference in the Geoworld? The Story of INSIDE Idaho, Lily Wai INSIDE Idaho Administrator and Bruce Godfrey, GIS Specialist, University of Idaho.


Abstract: INSIDE Idaho is a digital geospatial and statistical data clearinghouse for the state of Idaho. It was developed with funding from a 3-year Congressionally appropriated National Leadership Grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (1999-2001), several USGS FGDC “Don’t Duck Metadata” CAP grants and other funds. Data sharing from state agencies since 2000 has made INSIDE Idaho what it is today. Over 1 million dollars has been invested in this project. INSIDE Idaho draws on existing public domain geospatial and numeric data created and distributed by government agencies and local government. Rural states such as Idaho have never been very well served by individual libraries or GIS agencies. This centralized one-stop clearinghouse for Idaho has put the state on par with the rest of the nation. Data can be easily accessed and shared across federal, state, and local political jurisdictions.


Lily Wai is Professor and INSIDE Idaho Administrator for the Library at the University of Idaho. She holds a B.A in History from Tunghai University, Taiwan, an M.L.S. in Library Science from the University of Illinois, Urbana, IL and an M.A. in History from the University of Idaho. Her major outreach program at the University of Idaho has been the development of INSIDE Idaho; a digital geospatial and statistical data clearinghouse which was developed with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (1999-2001) and several USGS CAP grants. She also compiled the electronic version of the 4th edition of the Idaho Statistical Abstract in 1995. She is also Head of the Regional Depository Library for the state of Idaho.


Bruce Godfrey is the GIS Specialist at the University of Idaho Library. His primary responsibility is the day-to-day management of INSIDE Idaho, the Geospatial Data Clearinghouse for Idaho. Mr. Godfrey received a BS degree from the University of Virginia and an MS degree from the University of Idaho. Since 1999, he has been involved with designing, developing, and implementing applications that facilitate the discovery and use of geospatial data for Idaho.


Collection Development Policies for Maps and Geospatial Information, Tsering Wangyal Shawa, Geographic Information Systems Librarian, Princeton University.


Abstract: Creating a collection development policy for maps and geospatial data is very challenging work for librarians. Geographic data and information are used by various disciplines and acquiring and purchasing them is not an easy task. This presentation will share how Princeton University developed and implemented our geospatial information collection policy.


Tsering Wangyal Shawa is the Geographic Information Systems Librarian at Princeton University. In this role, Mr. Shawa is responsible for the design, launch, and management of an automated digital cartographic and geospatial information service in a campus-wide networked environment. He has experience in geospatial data selection, software and hardware and holds degrees in library science, education, geography, and cartography. He is an active member of the American Library Association Map and Geography Round Table (ALA MAGERT), and will be MAGERT Chair in 2005-2006. Currently, he is the chair of the GeoTech Committee of ALA MAGERT, and is one of two MAGERT representatives to CUAC. He served on the National Research Council committee on data licensing and the FGDC’s Homeland Security Working Group. He was recently named a committee member of the New Jersey Geospatial Data Sharing and Security Task Force. He was born in Tibet and has lived and taught geography and cartography in India, Nepal, Kenya, and Sudan.


The University of California - Stanford Map Libraries Group: Collaboration in Practice, Julie Sweetkind-Singer, Head, Branner Earth Sciences Library & Map Collections, Stanford University.


Abstract: The University of California-Stanford Map Libraries Group has worked collaboratively over the years on collection development, interlibrary loan, and reference. Access to materials has increased for all of the libraries due to collaborative purchasing of expensive items such as Landsat imagery and digital orthophotography. The group is now exploring the possibility of large-scale scanning initiatives for California USGS topographic maps and early Sanborn maps of the state. This talk will present a brief history of the group and its current scanning efforts.


Julie Sweetkind-Singer is the Head of the Branner Earth Sciences Library & Map Collections at Stanford University. Her subject specialization and responsibilities are for the GIS & Map Collections. She managed the digitization of the Stanford Geological Survey maps and field notebook collection with funding from Stanford, the School of Earth Sciences, and an LSTA grant. She is presently Stanford's project leader for the National Geospatial Digital Archive, which is part of the national initiative, known as NDIIPP, funded by the Library of Congress.










Data Archiving at the National Archives, Robert Chadduck, Director, Electronic Records Archives Research Program, National Archives & Records Administration.


Abstract: Mr. Chadduck will present an update of developments in the National Archives and Records Administration's Electronic Records Archives Program. He will also present a synopsis of recent technical findings and results from ERA Program supported research specifically applicable to geospatial electronic records collections.


Robert Chadduck serves as director of research activities for the National Archives and Records Administration’s Electronic Records Archives Program. Prior NARA assignments include service as a principal analyst for technical issues related to electronic records collections of the President, Congress, Judiciary and Federal agencies. Before joining the National Archives, he served as a systems analyst for the U.S. Navy. Mr. Chadduck’s early career experience includes service as an oceanographer contributing to the development of tidal hydrodynamic models of the Chesapeake Bay. Mr. Chadduck currently serves on the program committee for the IEEE/NASA Goddard Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, and the executive committee of the IEEE Computer Society Task Force on Information Assurance. Mr. Chadduck holds masters of science degrees in information systems and in environmental biology from George Mason University.


Government Printing Office Policies and Plans for Spatial Information Distribution, Judy Russell, Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office.


Abstract: Maps have been distributed to Libraries through the Federal Depository Library Program since the program began. In recent years, Congress has directed that publications should be made available digitally (online), although some exceptions to this policy exist. This talk will discuss:


·   The Government Printing Office’s digitization and preservation initiatives

·   Plans for maps in the Depository Library Program

·   Plans for digital spatial data in the Depository Library Program including versioning, authentication and preservation of data.


These plans may require changes in library services and equipment. The Federal Depository Library Program standards for library services and equipment will also be discussed.


Judy Russell is the 22nd Superintendent of Documents of the United States, the first woman to hold the post. She has served in other positions at the Government Printing Office: Director of the Office of Electronic Information Dissemination Services and Federal Depository Library Program, Director of the Office of Electronic Information Services (EIDS), where she helped establish GPO Access, and Director of the Federal Depository Library Program. She led the development of GPO's 1996 Report to the Congress, Study to Identify Measures Necessary for a Successful Transition to a More Electronic Federal Depository Library Program. She has also served as Deputy Director of the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), the Federal agency that advises the President and Congress on the information needs of the American people. Prior to working at GPO, she worked at the COMSAT Laboratories, the Program of Policy Studies in Science and Technology at The George Washington University, and the Office of Technology Assessment. She is a graduate of The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, where she received a MS in Library Science and a Cum Laude graduate of Dunbarton College of the Holy Cross, where she received a Bachelor of Arts.


Archiving Geospatial Data at EROS Data Center, John Faundeen, U.S. Geological Survey EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.


Abstract: Information on the work to archive spatial data at the U.S. Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science will be presented. The presentation will also discuss implementation of a records management lifecycle. The talk will address specific elements of archiving including records appraisal, accession, access, preservation, disposition and advocacy.


John Faundeen has a BA in Geography from Saint Cloud State University and an MS from South Dakota State University. Beginning in 1995, John worked as a contractor in the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Customer Services and Information Systems Management areas, responding to and developing systems for Earth observation data users. He joined the USGS in 1998 as the Chief of Data Management at EROS, where he developed archive management and information systems. In 2001 he became the Archivist for EROS overseeing the management of the remotely sensed and cartographic science collections, where he sees that records appraisal, accession, arrangement & description, access & reference, preservation, disposition and advocacy are professionally carried out to ensure that the records created or acquired by the USGS are preserved for generations to come. In 2004 he served as the Acting USGS’s Records Officer overseeing records management activities from a Bureau perspective. He has published over 30 papers and articles on topics involving information systems, archiving and records management. Mr. Faundeen is currently serving as the Chair of the international Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Working Group on Information Systems and Services.





Friday, May 13, 2005



The Role of GIS in Libraries for Geographic Information Management, Clint Brown, Director, Software Products, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI)


Abstract: GIS use continues to grow and the subsequent collection and use of geographic information is expanding at astounding rates. Close to 200,000 organizations are now using GIS daily and this growth is expected to continue. Access to critical information represents one of the key challenges facing this community – not only gaining access to current geographic information, but also to historic collections which are increasingly becoming relevant in GIS use. One particular challenge is the cataloging, warehousing, archiving, and sharing of these important information assets. The goal of this presentation is to present some of the key trends and concepts that affect how geographic information will be accessed and shared. Key topics to be discussed include:


·   Essential elements of geographic information. It’s more than the datasets and measurement collections.

·   The shared and distributed nature of GIS computing and geographic information use.

·   Cataloging GIS data sets and the evolving role of GIS Portals.

·   Thoughts on archiving GIS data.

·   A vision for a National GIS.

·   The role of libraries in this growing information infrastructure.


Clint Brown has been responsible for managing all ESRI product releases since he joined ESRI in 1983. This includes product releases for ArcInfo, PC ArcInfo, ArcView, ArcSDE, ArcCAD, MapObjects, ArcGIS, ArcIMS, ArcPad, and other ESRI software. He is also responsible for product design, development and release of quality products. At ESRI, he manages a division of GIS analysts, programmers, writers, and test analysts who design, build, document, release, and maintain ESRI software. He has authored several books, white papers, and presentations on GIS, including significant contributions on many ESRI Press books, ArcNews, ESRI Training, and software user guides. Before working for ESRI, Clint worked for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Anchorage, Alaska and Fort Collins, Colorado, overseeing use of GIS in National Wildlife Refuges and using GIS to monitor environmental impacts on fish and wildlife. He helped develop the Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) used throughout the Service. He holds a M.S. in Statistics and Computer Science from Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (1978) and a B.S. in Economics and Statistics from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas (1975). He has also done Post-Graduate course work in Ecosystems Modeling at Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 1979-1980.


Future Directions for Geolibraries, Michael Goodchild, University of California-Santa Barbara.


Abstract: Heavy investments have been made over the past decade in geolibraries, remotely accessible cartographic information collections, geospatial clearinghouses, and geoportals. For several reasons the potential of such resources has not yet been realized: guidance in navigating the complex distribution of resources is still largely absent; few systems have progressed beyond the traditional roles of gatekeeping and circulation; and there has been little success at integrating such resources with other geospatial services. The presentation sketches a vision for a future in which many of these issues have been resolved.


Michael F. Goodchild is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he teaches GIS courses related to retailing, technical issues related to GIS, a GIS seminar course and GIS applications. He served as Director and Chair of the Executive Committee of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA) from 1991 to 1997; Associate Director of the Alexandria Digital Library Project; and Director of NCGIA’s Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science. He holds a BA degree in Physics from Cambridge University and a PhD in Geography from McMaster University. He worked at the University of Western Ontario, including three years as Chair, for nineteen years, before moving to Santa Barbara in 1988. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences and Foreign Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2002. He served as Chair of the National Research Council’s Mapping Science Committee from 1997 to 1999 and a member of NRC's Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, and is currently a member of NRC's Geographic Science Committee. In 2001 he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. He has served as editor of the journal Geographical Analysis and serves on the editorial boards of ten other journals and book series. In 2000 he was appointed Editor of the Methods, Models, and Geographic Information Sciences section of the Annals of the Association of American Geographers. He has published numerous books and articles related to geographic information systems and GIS data. His current research interests center on geographic information science, spatial analysis, the future of the library, and uncertainty in geographic data.


National Geographic: From Paper to Digital to Distributed Mapping, Allen Carroll, National Geographic Society.


Abstract: Cartography at National Geographic has been transformed by rapidly changing technologies and an even faster-evolving marketplace. GIS, imagery, and desktop graphics have changed the process of making maps, but the greater and more exciting implications lie at the opposite end: How maps and spatial information are, and will be, disseminated.


Allen Carroll is chief cartographer and executive vice president of National Geographic Maps. As chief cartographer, he supervises the editorial and creative efforts of the Society’s map division, including the supplement maps published in National Geographic magazine, the Eighth Edition Atlas of the World, National Geographic’s wall maps and globes, and the National Geographic Map Machine, an innovative world atlas on the Internet. He has been an employee of the National Geographic Society for twenty-one years, serving in a variety of positions in the map division and the art department of National Geographic magazine. As managing director of National Geographic Maps from 1995 through 1998, he presided over the shift of the unit from a division of the Magazine to the Society’s new taxable subsidiary, National Geographic Ventures. During this time, NG Maps expanded from its traditional role as service provider to the magazine and book divisions of the Society to a publisher and distributor of map products. With partnerships and acquisitions, the group extended its product lines to include road atlases, road maps, and outdoor recreation maps. From 1991 to 1995 Carroll was art director of National Geographic magazine, producing historical, scientific, and informational artwork, and leading an effort to establish a corporate identity for the Society. He received two gold medals from the Society of Illustrators for his work during this period. Before joining the Society in 1983, Carroll was a free-lance illustrator and designer in Washington, serving clients such as The Washington Post, Smithsonian Institution, Readers Digest, The New Republic, the American Film Institute, and Johns Hopkins University. Self-trained in design, illustration, and cartography, Carroll is a magna cum laude graduate of Connecticut College, and was born and raised in Indianapolis, Indiana.











Licensing Geographic Data and Services: Vision for a National Commons and Marketplace, Harlan Onsrud, University of Maine at Orono & Chair, National Research Council Study on the Licensing of Spatial Data and Services.


Abstract: Geographic data are used in all sectors of society to support a huge range of applications, ranging from emergency response to scientific studies and from land use planning to location-based services. In the past, government agencies typically acquired ownership of such data from private-sector and other data producers and distributed these data without restriction. Licensing--whereby the producer may restrict redistribution--has emerged as an alternative business model that government agencies must now consider among a suite of procurement options. Confusion and uncertainty have arisen as a result of (1) a proliferation of nonstandard licensing arrangements; (2) difficulty in designing licenses that track legal, economic, and public interest concerns of different levels of government; (3) difficulty in designing licenses that accommodate all sectors of the geographic data community; (4) an imperfect appreciation for the licensing perspectives of different sectors of the geographic data community; and (5) lack of effective license tracking and enforcement mechanisms. Given the confusion surrounding licensing, the National Academies, at the request of FEMA, GPO, NOAA, U.S. Census Bureau, and USGS, convened the Committee on Licensing Geographic Data and Services. The committee's report was released in August 2004 and is available at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11079.html


The report highlights licensing perspectives and experiences of major stakeholder groups and examines the pros and cons of licensing. It concludes that licensing may be a viable option in some instances and advises agencies on how to best serve societal interests. Among the report recommendations is that federal agencies should investigate options for building a National Commons and Marketplace in Geographic Information. The recommended National Commons envisions a federated approach in documenting, tracking and archiving any data with a location element across and among disciplinary domains. The approach would substantially benefit interdisciplinary science. Significant research and development challenges must be addressed to achieve the vision.


Dr. Harlan J. Onsrud is Professor in the Department of Spatial Information Science and Engineering at the University of Maine. He is president of the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association (GSDI), past-president of the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS), and past Chair of the U.S. National Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) of the National Research Council. He recently chaired a U.S. National Research Council Study on the Licensing of Spatial Data and Services and currently serves on another NRC study committee exploring Confidentiality Issues Arising from the Integration of Remotely Sensed Data with Social Science Data. Professor Onsrud's research focuses on the analysis of legal, ethical, and institutional issues affecting the creation and use of digital databases and the assessment of the social impacts of spatial technologies.


The Idea of Discovery: Planning and Implementing Access to Geospatial Data at Harvard, Tim Strawn, Harvard University.


Abstract: The Harvard Geospatial Library is a searchable repository of geospatial data that is dependent on its catalog, or metadata records, for locating and evaluating data held in the collection. Rather than producing metadata that is ancillary to the data, searching our collection is predicated on the metadata record for each item. The HGL is designed to address two issues, one a problem, the other a prospect, for digital geospatial data collections. The problem: Locating and assessing data with some degree of efficiency. The prospect: Building a comprehensive geo-library, based on traditional library principles of: search and retrieval; viewing and evaluating; and data utilization.


This talk will focus first on some broader issues with which we are confronted when organizing this data for access. Practical considerations for both traditional cataloging and metadata production will also be discussed.


Tim Strawn is the Geospatial Resources Cataloger with the Harvard Geospatial Library He also serves as a member of the Steering Committee and Implementation Team for this collection, which was started in 2001. He received his B.A. in Physical Geography from the University of California, Santa Barbara and his M.S.L.I.S. from Simmons College in Boston. Tim will be moving to Austin, Texas next month to begin his new position as Head of Cataloging & Metadata Services with the University of Texas Libraries.


Julia M. Giller, USGS Technology Transfer Office, Technology Transfer Opportunities and Cartographic Information.


Technology Transfer became a mission of all federal laboratories in the mid 1980’s. It arose out of national concerns that the United States was losing its science and technology edge to the Russians, Japanese and government subsidized European industry. The legislation focused on assisting US industry in leveraging the billions then being spent on government research. This overview will focus on major developments in the legislation; the Federal Laboratory Consortium and how to access technology at federal labs; and discuss several of the USGS efforts to develop Geospatial Information using technology transfer mechanisms. It will examine some of the special issues connected with “informational” products – and some of the technology partnerships that have developed in the private sector out of USGS Technology Transfer.


Julia M. Giller is an attorney who has worked in the Technology Transfer and licensing area since 1991. From 1999-2002 she served as Program Manager for the Technology Transfer Office at USGS, and as a member of the Federal Laboratory Consortium Board, and the Middle-Atlantic Regional Representative. In 2002 she moved to the National Mapping Program, as Gulf Coast Liaison for a four-state area which included Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama and the Caribbean. In that capacity she worked with a variety of state, local, regional and federal sector partners to develop science partnerships, identify funding and write grants. Her prior legal experience includes twenty-plus years in a variety of industries (gas & oil, transportation, wholesale grocery, and for a medical device manufacturer) and four years with the Department of Energy (DOE) in the Technology Transfer Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Ms. Giller received her law degree from Detroit College of Law (now part Michigan State University) and attended Wayne State University, where she majored in Journalism.